According to the nature and us of
planning, different plans can b divided into three groups-objectives,
standing plans and master plans.
First, objectives are basic
plans which are necessary for all types of planning and operation.
The entire planning activity is geared into action through the
formulation of objectives. Objectives have predominant importance
not only in planning but they have unique role in other managerial
work of organizing, directing and controlling also.
standing plans which include policies and procedures have application
only in repetitive action, whether it involves long-range or
short-range operation. To ensure consistency of executive behaviour
and managerial action, the standing plans provide a ready guide to
action for solving recurring problems standing plans have no us
unless similar problems appear in the organization again and again.
For non-repetitive operation, the special problems are faced in each
as and they are to b solved in a different way. However, standing
plans limit individual freedom and restrict managerial authority for
ensuring integrated and co-operative action. In other words they
constitute constraints for managerial operation.
programmes are master plans which indicate the complete course of
action along with timing and strategy considerations. All plans are
meshed together in an orderly way under programming for mapping out
the course of action. Programmes are applicable to both repetitive
and non-repetitive operation. As non-repetitive operation does not
require standing plans, some special considerations arise in
programming for such operation. Like the programmes, the budgets as
a kind of plans perform the same functions and have the same
characteristics and application.
To be sure, plans can be
classified in various other ways. In terms for jurisdiction plans ma
be company-wide (overall) or subsidiary (derivative) in nature. In
terms of scope, plans may be either detailed or broad in character.
In terms of scope, plans may be either detailed or broad in
character. In terms of enterprise functions, plans may relate to
production, sales or other activities.