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Classification of Plans
Planning provides a future course of action. Such course of action may involve either repetitive or non-repetitive operation as well as short-rang operation.


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According to the nature and us of planning, different plans can b divided into three groups-objectives, standing plans and master plans.

First, objectives are basic plans which are necessary for all types of planning and operation. The entire planning activity is geared into action through the formulation of objectives. Objectives have predominant importance not only in planning but they have unique role in other managerial work of organizing, directing and controlling also.

Second, standing plans which include policies and procedures have application only in repetitive action, whether it involves long-range or short-range operation. To ensure consistency of executive behaviour and managerial action, the standing plans provide a ready guide to action for solving recurring problems standing plans have no us unless similar problems appear in the organization again and again. For non-repetitive operation, the special problems are faced in each as and they are to b solved in a different way. However, standing plans limit individual freedom and restrict managerial authority for ensuring integrated and co-operative action. In other words they constitute constraints for managerial operation.

Third, programmes are master plans which indicate the complete course of action along with timing and strategy considerations. All plans are meshed together in an orderly way under programming for mapping out the course of action. Programmes are applicable to both repetitive and non-repetitive operation. As non-repetitive operation does not require standing plans, some special considerations arise in programming for such operation. Like the programmes, the budgets as a kind of plans perform the same functions and have the same characteristics and application.

To be sure, plans can be classified in various other ways. In terms for jurisdiction plans ma be company-wide (overall) or subsidiary (derivative) in nature. In terms of scope, plans may be either detailed or broad in character. In terms of scope, plans may be either detailed or broad in character. In terms of enterprise functions, plans may relate to production, sales or other activities.

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