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Industrial disputes
The conflicts and disputes between employer and employees on any industrial matter are known as industrial disputes.


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The disputes between employer and employer both and vitiate the industrial atmosphere and peace. Whether these tactics are successful or unsuccessful, unpleasantness is created between both the parties. The worst result ins the loss of production and decline in natural income. Industrial dispute is defined by Section 2 (x) of the Industrial Disputes Act 1947 as follows:-

Industrial disputes is “Any disput or difference between the employers and employees, or between employs workmen, or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with the employment or unemployment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour of any person:”.

There must be following ingredients of an industrial dispute:-

(i) There must be a relationship of employer and employee.

The worker must be on the roll list of the industry.

The demands of the workers must have been rejected by the employer.

The dispute may be between two employers or between two employees.

The dispute may be connected with employment or terms of employment or with labour conditions of any person.

(vi) The industrial unit must be a going concern. It must not be dead.

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